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This country is located in the Central African sub-region comprising the Rio Muni mainland and 5 volcanic offshore islands. Capital Malabo, on Bioko Island, has Spanish colonial architecture and is a hub for the country’s prosperous oil industry. Its Arena Blanca beach draws dry-season butterflies known in the republic circle as Equatorial Guinea.
It is a constitutional republic with a multiparty system. It has an area of 28,000 square kilometres in 2021, with a population of 1,468,777 inhabitants.
The president is elected by the people for a seven-year tenure. However, only one political party, the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE), dominates the country and is de facto allowed to hold effective control.
Although minor parties are permitted, they must accept the ruling party’s de facto leadership.
The country’s two principal leaders are President Obiang Mbasogo and Vice President Teodoro Obiang Mbasogo, who is also the President’s son.
Since 1979, Obiang Mbasogo has served as President of Equatorial Guinea.
President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, in partnership with his clan and political party, the Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea, has ruled all levels of government since a military takeover.
His son, on the other hand, served as Agriculture Minister before being appointed to the second most influential position in the country.